Find out more →

Get unlimited access. Become a digital member!

Friday, December 21, 2012

The problem with trained, armed officers: See Paragould

Posted By on Fri, Dec 21, 2012 at 1:31 PM

THE PARAGOULD SOLUTION: SWAT officer with AR-15. If professionals propose this for the streets, do you trust non-professionals in schools?
  • Paragould Daily Press
  • THE PARAGOULD SOLUTION: SWAT officer with AR-15. If professionals propose this for the streets, do you trust non-professionals in schools?
The notion advanced by NRA and Asa Hutchinson — that the world is oversupplied with reliable volunteers who can be counted on to staff every school in America as armed guards — is dubious on several counts, beginning with the practical problem of assuring that trustworthy people will show up and that replacements are ready when they are sick, on vacation, etc.

Then there is the notion that an armed civilian, after a little NRA safety course, is a guarantee of good judgment in this most sensitive of roles with very vulnerable charges.

Consider Paragould, where the supposedly professional police force floated the idea of roaming the streets with SWAT officers armed with AR-15s and promised to demand ID without reason as a means of discouraging crime.

The police now say they'll respect constitutional guidelines in their community policing.

But I ask you to read their most recent letter on the matter and the inquiry from the ACLU of Arkansas to which it responds. I don't see yet anything but general assurances, rather than specific commitments, from an agency that is currently not exactly inspiring of confidence.

Holly Dickson, staff laywer for the ACLU, says she spoke with police chief today and he promises to honor the 4th Amendment. We'll see, I guess. Relevant correspondence follows:


Over the last several days, my comments regarding the Paragould Police Department’s efforts to combat crime and ensure public safety have been criticized. In light of these criticisms, clarification of police procedure is needed. I would also like to reassure the citizens of Paragould that the police department is committed to combating crime and ensuring public safety without violating citizens’ constitutional rights. These commitments always drive the policy and practice of the Paragould police department.

With specific regard to the current operations of the police department, the department has long had a proactive police philosophy dedicated to managing problems before they become unmanageable. Consistent with this philosophy and my earlier comments, the police department will soon make more officers available in the east side of town. These officers will be there to combat the increasingly high crime rate, which will result in greater public safety. Necessarily, the increase in officers will increase the number of police-citizen encounters; these encounters, however, will be done within the bounds of the Constitution.

As an example, when suspicious activity is afoot and there is reasonable suspicion to believe criminal activity is happening, officers will make contact with the individuals involved to combat any potential criminal activity. In cases where there is probable cause to believe a crime has already occurred, officers will arrest those who committed the crime — there will be zero-tolerance for criminals. It is in these instances alone in which officers will ask an individual to identify him/herself. Please let me reassure all citizens, these actions, as well as any other action taken by Paragould police officers, will be taken with the Constitutional rights of all citizens in mind.

As always, this department will operate with the highest respect for the citizens of our community while ensuring their safety. As has always been the case, actions taken by officers that violate individuals’ constitutional rights will not be tolerated and will be dealt with accordingly.


Re: Policing and the Constitution

Dear Chief Stovall:

The Arkansas Civil Liberties Union is a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and defending the rights set forth in the Arkansas and United States Constitutions. We write today concerning comments of city officials relating to a potential plan of the Paragould Police Department to stop all persons in the city and demand identification from them, regardless of whether they are suspected of criminal activity. We have received numerous calls and concerns from citizens about these possible and proposed practices of the Department and write in an effort to obtain clarification as to the Department’s plans regarding policing.

As you are no doubt aware, both the United States and Arkansas Constitutions protect citizens against unlawful seizures, including detentions for a brief period. Investigatory stops are permitted when there is some objective manifestation that the person stopped is, or is about to be, engaged in criminal activity, and in that circumstance, the detaining officers must have a particularized and objective basis for suspecting the particular person stopped of criminal activity. United States v. Cortez, 449 U.S. 411, 417 (1981)(citing Brown v. Texas, 443 U.S. at 51 (1979)). No reasonable suspicion exists when a citizen’s conduct is typical of countless innocent people or when the citizen is perceived to be in a “high crime area.” United States v. Jones, 606 F.3d 964, 967 (8th Cir. 2010) (citing United States v. Davis, 2008 WL 4372705, 5 (S.D.Tex. Sept. 22, 2008)); Jordan v. Arkansas, 2004 WL 958100. A citizen’s refusal to answer questions of or cooperate with police does not provide a basis upon which to detain or seize that citizen, and certainly does not provided a basis for detention when there is no specific crime being investigated. INS v. Delgado, 466 U.S., 210, 216, 217; Florida v. Royer, 460 U.S., 481,498 (1983); Brown v. Texas, 443 U.S. at 52, 53 (1979).

Statements issued by the Department indicate that remarks regarding stopping anyone and everyone (whether inside or outside a “high crime area”) may not actually be a policing plan that the City is planning or prepared to carry out. Indeed, it appears as if the Town Hall meeting remarks were preliminary thoughts, as opposed to any official plan, however, the public is concerned about what actually will occur in Paragould. As such, we ask that you please confirm whether the Department plans to move forward with policing that would involve stopping citizens on the street and demanding information about them absent some criminal investigation. Thank you for your time and consideration of this request, and please let us know if you have any other comments, questions, or concerns.


Holly Dickson


Ms. Dickson,

Thank you for your inquiry about the concerns you have received from citizens. Below [above in this post] you will find a clarification letter that was released in reference to the public concerns. If you have any other questions please feel free to contact me.


Todd Stovall
Chief of Police

Tags: , , ,

Speaking of...

Comments (8)

Showing 1-8 of 8

Add a comment

Subscribe to this thread:
Showing 1-8 of 8

Add a comment

More by Max Brantley

  • Consequences for violating the Freedom of Information Act

    I was happy to read in the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette today that Prosecuting Attorney Larry Jegley intends to file a charge of violation of the Freedom of Information Act against Rodney Forte, director of the Metroopolitan Housing Agency of Little Rock. Prosecution might be the only cure for arrogant and stupid public officials, who aren't limited to the housing agency.
    • Oct 30, 2014
  • The Democratic push for black voter turnout unsettles white Republicans

    Democratic groups are using racially charged images to turn out the black votes, nationally and in Arkansas, and Republicans aren't happy about it. Truth hurts.
    • Oct 30, 2014
  • More »

Most Shared

  • Koch mailer: We know who you are, we know if you vote

    Still more complaints rolling in — including from Republicans — about the mail campaign of the Koch-brothers-funded Americans for Prosperity to scare people into voting.
  • Pat Hays' NRA membership riles Republicans

    Democratic 2nd District Congress candidate Pat Hays is causing conniption fits among Republicans because a new TV ad shows him with his guns and mentions his long-time membership in the National Rifle Association.
  • Talk is cheap; state government isn't: Preparing for the new GOP order

    The state looks at rising prison and school costs in a world where the theme of Republican political campaigns is reducing government and cutting taxes. Does anybody in that party know arithmetic?
  • Live Review: Nahko and Medicine for the People at Rev Room

    Thursday night, Portland, Oregon’s Nahko and Medicine for the People brought their “musical medicine” to Little Rock’s Revolution Music Room, a fitting venue for the socially-conscious music collective. Their uplifting medley of folk, urban and world music, as well as hypnotizing videos featuring their music have enchanted activist-minded music fans across the world in the relatively short time they have been creating music together.
  • What about the Arkansas ballot issues?

    To give the legislature more power, the people less, a wetter state, longer term limits and a bump in the minimum wage.

Most Viewed

Most Recent Comments



© 2014 Arkansas Times | 201 East Markham, Suite 200, Little Rock, AR 72201
Powered by Foundation