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Central Arkansas demographics 

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Numbers aren't just for baseball scores, tallying up your purchases at the mall, and dreading or looking forward to on your birthday (depending on your age). Here we present a look at the numbers behind the people who live in Pulaski County. All statistics come from the U.S. Census Bureau's 2010 American Community Survey.

Physical environment

Little Rock is located at 286 feet above sea level in its lowest part, the flatlands along the Arkansas River, and rises to 630 feet above sea level in the hills of its west and central areas. Pulaski County is 770.82 square miles in size. Little Rock is 116.2 square miles and North Little Rock is 49.3 square miles.

Weather and climate

The normal daily mean temperature in Central Arkansas is 62.1 degrees Fahrenheit, and the annual average relative humidity is 71 percent. The hottest month of the year in Little Rock is July, with an average high temperature of 92.8 degrees. The coldest month is January, with an average low of 30.8 degrees. Highest ever recorded temperature in Little Rock was 114 degrees, set on August 3, 2011. Lowest recorded temperature is -12 degrees, set on Feb. 12, 1899. Average annual rainfall is 50.93 inches, and average snowfall is 4.3 inches per year. The wettest month of the year is November, with an average rainfall total of 5.73 inches.

Population

The total population of Pulaski County was 382,748 when the Community Survey was taken. An estimated 183,938 were male and 198,810 were female. The median age was 36 years old. There were 26,731 residents under 5 years old and 45,908 citizens age 65 or older. Residents listing their race as white were 220,051; black, 133,858; Hispanic or Latino, 22,168; Asian, 7,505. Residents who speak only English at home numbered 326,685, followed by Spanish (16,078), Indo-European languages (4,331) and Asian and Pacific Islander languages (4,162).

Social

The number of adults in Pulaski County who have never been married was 95,001; married, 141,406; divorced, 43,373 (17,562 males, 25,811 females). The number of women, age 18-50, who gave birth in 2010 was estimated at 6,482. The number of grandparents living with their grandchildren under 18 years old was 9,610. The number of grandparents responsible for their own grandchildren was 4,414. A total of 32,798 residents were military veterans. Disabled citizens numbered 45,452.

Jobs and income

There were 197,804 Pulaski County citizens employed in 2010, with 16,801 unemployed. The biggest civilian employers were management or professional occupations (70,106), service jobs (32,932), and sales and office occupations (46,132). The median household income in Pulaski County was $44,482. The per capita income was $25,931. The number of families earning less than $10,000 a year was 13,713, while the number of families earning $200,000 or more was 4,950. The number of residents receiving government food assistance/SNAP at some point during 2010 was 17,090. The number of individuals with health insurance coverage was 83.3 percent of the population, with 16.7 percent having no health insurance. The total percentage of people in Pulaski County living below the poverty level was estimated at 17.5 percent. The estimated number of children under 18 living below the poverty level: 26.5 percent.

Housing

There were 154,943 total occupied housing units in Pulaski County in 2010. Houses built prior to 1939 made up 5.2 percent of the total, while those built in 2000 or later made up 14.4 percent. Houses with four or five rooms were the largest group, at 42.7 percent; 17 percent of houses had eight rooms or more. Most houses — 71.4 percent — were two or three bedroom homes. Homeowners occupied 58.4 percent of houses, while renters occupied 41.6 percent. Most houses in Pulaski County were heated with natural gas (57.8 percent), followed by electricity (39.3 percent) and bottled, tank or LP gas (2 percent). The number of houses with no telephone service was 2.1 percent.

Commuting

The percentage of households in Pulaski County with two vehicles available to them was 36.6 in 2010, while 6.5 percent didn't have access to a car and 16.6 percent had access to three or more. The majority of Little Rock business commuters — 84.1 percent — travel alone to work. Carpoolers represented 10.4 percent, 0.7 percent took public transport, 1.4 percent walked to work, and 2.4 percent worked from home. It took commuters an average of 20 minutes to get to work.

Distances by highway from Little Rock to major nearby cities

Dallas 307 miles

Houston 443 miles

Oklahoma City 348 miles

Tulsa 288 miles

Kansas City 405 miles

St. Louis 360 miles

Louisville 522 miles

Nashville 360 miles

Atlanta 523 miles

Memphis 139 miles

Baton Rouge 480 miles

New Orleans 444 miles

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